The Border Collie is a very intelligent, energetic breed that instinctively likes to herd. With their high energy, they require ample exercise to keep them from getting bored. Without such exercise, they can get a bit destructive by digging holes, chewing furniture and even walls. Border Collies can be reserved and protective towards people they are not familiar with.
Border Collies have double coats that can be rough or smooth. Their top coat is long, dense and medium in length. The undercoat is dense, short and soft.
The most common colors of Border Collies are black & white and red & white. Other colors include sable & white, yellow & white, blue merle, sable, red merle and tri-color.
The Border Collies coat can be maintained by brushing 2 – 4 times a week. They are average shedders and will require more brushing during seasonal changes. Bathe only when necessary.
The life expectancy is between 12 – 15 years. The Border Collie breed generally has very few health conditions to be aware of. Here is a list of the most common:
• Hip Dysplasia
• Eye Disease – PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy)
The Border Collie genealogy is traced back to 1893 and a dog named “Old Hemp”. This dog was a tri-colored Collie dog and is considered the ancestor of the Border Collie breed. The Border Collie originated on the borders of Scotland and England. This breed was used in many countries to help manage sheep and cattle and is still being used to do this today.
The Border Collie was given acceptance by the AKC in 1995 and was classified in the Herding Group.